ubuntu下快速配置ftp服务器,04使用vsftp初级体会

最近在Ubuntu
10.04下玩了几天vsftp,重要指标是兑现两台微型Computer的分享的,samba太老了,今后都休想这几个,还是vsftp好,简单又安全,上面记录一下横祸那个的流水生产线,现在再选择vsftp弄个高档点的ftp。以下操作,全都以在root下进展。由于自家技巧有限,此文不是学科,仅作参照他事他说加以考察。

一、下载vsftpd-encoding_2.0.4-0Ubuntu4_i386.deb并安装,可以化解汉语乱码难题。

 vsftp正是“极度安全的ftp”。

二、vsftpd.conf配置如下:
# Example config file /etc/vsftpd.conf
#
# The default compiled in settings are fairly paranoid. This sample
file
# loosens things up a bit, to make the ftp daemon more usable.
# Please see vsftpd.conf.5 for all compiled in defaults.
#
# READ THIS: This example file is NOT an exhaustive list of vsftpd
options.
# Please read the vsftpd.conf.5 manual page to get a full idea of
vsftpd’s
# capabilities.
#
#
# Run standalone? vsftpd can run either from an inetd or as a
standalone
# daemon started from an initscript.
listen=YES
#
# Run standalone with IPv6?
# Like the listen parameter, except vsftpd will listen on an IPv6
socket
# instead of an IPv4 one. This parameter and the listen parameter are
mutually
# exclusive.
#listen_ipv6=YES
#
# Allow anonymous FTP? (Beware – allowed by default if you comment this
out).
anonymous_enable=YES
#佚名顾客login时不通晓口令

1.安装

no_anon_password=YES

  apt-get install vsftpd

#
# Uncomment this to allow local users to log in.
local_enable=YES
#
# Uncomment this to enable any form of FTP write command.
write_enable=YES
#
# Default umask for local users is 077. You may wish to change this to
022,
# if your users expect that (022 is used by most other ftpd’s)
local_umask=022
#
# Uncomment this to allow the anonymous FTP user to upload files. This
only
# has an effect if the above global write enable is activated. Also,
you will
# obviously need to create a directory writable by the FTP user.
#anon_upload_enable=YES
#
# Uncomment this if you want the anonymous FTP user to be able to
create
# new directories.
#anon_mkdir_write_enable=YES
#
# Activate directory messages – messages given to remote users when
they
# go into a certain directory.
dirmessage_enable=YES
#
# Activate logging of uploads/downloads.
xferlog_enable=YES
#
# Make sure PORT transfer connections originate from port 20
(ftp-data).
connect_from_port_20=YES
#
# If you want, you can arrange for uploaded anonymous files to be owned
by
# a different user. Note! Using “root” for uploaded files is not
# recommended!
#chown_uploads=YES
#chown_username=whoever
#
# You may override where the log file goes if you like. The default is
shown
# below.
#xferlog_file=/var/log/vsftpd.log
#
# If you want, you can have your log file in standard ftpd xferlog
format
#xferlog_std_format=YES
#
# You may change the default value for timing out an idle session.
#idle_session_timeout=600
#
# You may change the default value for timing out a data connection.
#data_connection_timeout=120
#
# It is recommended that you define on your system a unique user which
the
# ftp server can use as a totally isolated and unprivileged user.
#nopriv_user=ftpsecure
#
# Enable this and the server will recognise asynchronous ABOR requests.
Not
# recommended for security (the code is non-trivial). Not enabling
it,
# however, may confuse older FTP clients.
#async_abor_enable=YES
#
# By default the server will pretend to allow ASCII mode but in fact
ignore
# the request. Turn on the below options to have the server actually do
ASCII
# mangling on files when in ASCII mode.
# Beware that on some FTP servers, ASCII support allows a denial of
service
# attack (DoS) via the command “SIZE /big/file” in ASCII mode. vsftpd
# predicted this attack and has always been safe, reporting the size of
the
# raw file.
# ASCII mangling is a horrible feature of the protocol.
#ascii_upload_enable=YES
#ascii_download_enable=YES
#
# You may fully customise the login banner string:
#ftpd_banner=Welcome to blah FTP service.
#
# You may specify a file of disallowed anonymous e-mail addresses.
Apparently
# useful for combatting certain DoS attacks.
#deny_email_enable=YES
# (default follows)
#banned_email_file=/etc/vsftpd.banned_官方澳门新永利下载,emails
#
# You may restrict local users to their home directories. See the FAQ
for
# the possible risks in this before using chroot_local_user or
# chroot_list_enable below.
#chroot_local_user=YES
#
# You may specify an explicit list of local users to chroot() to their
home
# directory. If chroot_local_user is YES, then this list becomes a
list of
# users to NOT chroot().
#chroot_list_enable=YES
# (default follows)
#chroot_list_file=/etc/vsftpd.chroot_list
#
# You may activate the “-R” option to the builtin ls. This is disabled
by
# default to avoid remote users being able to cause excessive I/O on
large
# sites. However, some broken FTP clients such as “ncftp” and “mirror”
assume
# the presence of the “-R” option, so there is a strong case for
enabling it.
#ls_recurse_enable=YES
#
#
# Debian customization
#
# Some of vsftpd’s settings don’t fit the Debian filesystem layout by
# default. These settings are more Debian-friendly.
#
# This option should be the name of a directory which is empty. Also,
the
# directory should not be writable by the ftp user. This directory is
used
# as a secure chroot() jail at times vsftpd does not require
filesystem
# access.
secure_chroot_dir=/var/run/vsftpd
#
# This string is the name of the PAM service vsftpd will use.
pam_service_name=vsftpd
#
# This option specifies the location of the RSA certificate to use for
SSL
# encrypted connections.
rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem
#
# This option specifies the location of the RSA key to use for SSL
# encrypted connections.
rsa_private_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key

 
为什么会有一个d呢?呵呵,常常来讲d表示系统服务进度,所以安装的时候是vsftpd,这些在ssh等等中也是一致的。

#本地顾客login后所在目录,若未有设置此项,则本地客商login后将要她的home目录(/etc/passwd的第八个字段)中.无名氏顾客的附和选项是anon_root

2.vsftpd的环境

#local_root=/var/ftp
anon_root=/home/zhengb66/常用软件

  1}
vsftp安装到位后会生成一个名字是ftp的账户,密码ftp,可以在/etc/passwd中看见,日常的话那时候能够成立一个ftp文件,本身安装的是/home/ftp,最佳再把ftp改成777的权位。

###########encoding patch setting########
charset_filter_enable=YES
charset_client=GBK
charset_server=UTF8
三、修改/etc/vsftpd.user_list增加
anonymous
zhengb66

  2} /etc/vsftpd.conf 主要正是vsftpd的布局文件,比较重大的三个事物。

可以达成轻巧的佚名下载,本地顾客上传。官方澳门新永利下载 1

  3} /etc/pam.d/vsftpd
与pam组相关的文件,pam组首要用于进行居民身份注解和抵御功能,初期没须求太了然这几个。

  4}  /etc/ftpusers
这些入眼是和方面包车型大巴选配,设定拒绝登录的账号,平时都以本机上的账号,vim它,会意识root在列,那也解释了为甚么小编一齐初在root下老登入不进来ftp。

  5} finger
ftp,那些命令首若是查看ftp那些客户的部分音信,包蕴登入时间,私下认可家目录等等,当中,ftp那个客户的家目录会作为佚名登入客商展示的目录(就是匿名客商的根目录)。

3.部分首要的概念以至操作

  ftp localhost

  这么些的意思就是,以当地机械连入ftp,正是在您的Ubuntu上连入ftp啦,localhost实际上是指通过lookback接口向应用程序提供对接,localhost的IP是
127.0.0.1,你能够自个儿看做那几个IP正是你和煦Computer的IP地址,只不过是特地用来进展系统内部程序的通讯用的。

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注